Not every area in Indonesia is the same. Each island has its risks and diseases. Not only the area is important, but the duration of your stay affects your vaccinations. In general, Hepatitis A, DTP and Typhoid vaccines are recommended.
We encourage you to consult your GP or Health Service in your region 6 weeks before departure to receive information on the hazards or diseases of any particular area and the related vaccines needed for your journey.
Malaria and dengue
Malaria is a tropical infectious disease, which is active in several areas in Indonesia. This is caused by a malaria parasite. The parasite is transmitted through the bite of mosquitoes. There are several forms of malaria. The parasite multiplies itself, first in the liver and then in the red blood cells. Approximately 8-10 days after the bite, the first symptoms occur.
Tropicana (Cerebal) Malaria is the most dangerous form: it may be deadly within a few days or weeks when not treated. Be alert and take preventive measures such as protecting yourself against mosquito bites and using antimalaria pills.
The malaria mosquito is most active at sunset and sunrise. During these times, wear protective clothing, make sure you sleep in a mosquito-free room, use a mosquito net and mosquito repellent, and turn on the air conditioning if possible.
Please contact your GP or Health Service in your region for more information.
Dengue, or Dengue Fever, is active the whole year. It is transmitted by a mosquito that is recognizable by the white stripes on its body. The mosquito lays its eggs in clean stagnant water. The symtoms are fever (41°C), severe headache, pain in joints and muscles, and sometimes a rash that consists of bright red petechiae (small subcutaneous bleeding) that usually begins on legs and chest.
The patient should drink plenty of water and may need extra fluids through a drip. There are no medication or vaccines against Dengue. Dengue is more common during the rainy season. A blood test must be performed for a proper diagnoses. If you suspect Dengue, insist on a blood test from your doctor.
Illnesses such as Hepatitis A, Typhoid Fever or traveller’s diarrhea can all be contracted through contaminated food or water.
Traveller’s diarrhea occurs when three or more discharges of unformed or watery stools are passed per day. This can be accompanied by nausea, fever and abdominal pain. It is generally mild, lasts about 3 to 4 days and is often self-limiting. The main risk of travellers’ diarrhea is dehydration, especially with small children and the elderly. Re-hydration powders, plenty of fluids and drinks such as Pocari Sweat are recommended. If you are very dehydrated, you should always consult a doctor.